Energy Insight: Energy implications of Brexit
Supply and demand for gas in the UK
|UK Indigenous production||463,314||464,981||449,825|
|of which LNG||117,005||73,409||78,111|
Source: Energy Trends : UK Gas last updated 31 October 2019
- imported a total of 517,020 GWh of gas from Belgium, The Netherlands and Norway; and
- exported a total of 82,889 GWh of gas to the same three countries plus the Republic of Ireland, thus
- registered a net deficit of 434,191 GWh from EU Countries plus Norway.
According to provisioal IEA figures, in 2018 the UK also imported gas from Algeria (318 MCM); Egypt (186 MCM); Equatorial Guinea (70 MCM); Peru (59 MCM); Russia (1,402 MCM); Trinidad and Tobago (807 MCM) and the USA (524 MCM)
Where else does gas from Belgium, The Netherlands and Norway go?
The main countries exporting gas to the UK also export gas elsewhere, as shown below:
|Total Exports to world||52,715||1,752,233||4,641,038|
Natural gas information 2019 - with 2018 data. IEA, 2019. Table 17.and Table 12
Countries who import gas from the UK also import from elsewhere - see below:
|Gas imports||Imported by:|
|Trinidad and Tobago||0||0||458|
|% of total imports from the UK||2.4%||100%||11.6%|
|% of total imports from elsewhere||97.6%||0%||88.4%|
- produced a total of 51,246 thousand tonnes of oil and NGLs;
- imported 45,954 thousand tonnes and
- exported 42,689 thousand tonnes
The EI's Petroleum Review covered the Brexit implications for North Sea oil and gas in its August 2016 edition
EU nationals in the energy workforce
- According to the Office for National Statistics, 92% of employees of the UK energy and water sector are UK nationals, while 4% come from EU countries other than the UK (“International immigration and the labour market, UK: 2016”, ONS, 2017).
- The afore-mentioned study commissioned by Oil & Gas UK deduced that 90% of those directly employed by the oil and gas industry in the UK are UK nationals, only 5% are non-UK EU nationals. However 50% of those hold managerial roles which are often critical for projects (“Brexit and the UK oil and gas industry”, Oil & Gas UK, 2017).
- A study carried out by the think tank Social Market Foundation in partnership with Adecco Group UK & Ireland in 2016 assessed the role played by EU workers in the UK economy. It estimated that only 1% of employees of the UK gas, electricity and water sector are from EU countries other than the UK. However it was mentioned that the sample size for this sector was relatively small and the result should be treated with caution (“Working together: European workers in the UK economy”, SMF and Adecco Group, 2016).