Energy Insight: Energy implications of Brexit
|UK Indigenous production||460,268||476,744|
|of which LNG||152,397||121,952|
Source: Simplified table from Energy Trends March 2017
- imported a total of 397,067 GWh of gas from Belgium, The Netherlands and Norway; and
- exported a total of 116,788 GWh of gas to the same three countries plus the Republic of Ireland, thus
- registered a net deficit of 280,279 GWh from EU Countries plus Norway.
Countries exporting gas to the UK also export gas elsewhere, as shown below:
|Total Exports to world||1,694||50,962||114,767|
Natural gas information 2016 - with 2015 data. IEA, 2016. Table 26.
Notes - no figures for Ireland were recorded by the IEA for 2015; Norway exports gas to countries all around the world
- EU countries (other than the UK) plus Norway exported a total of 216,018 MCM of gas to other countries around the world.
- They exported 32,393 MCM to the UK, or just under 15% of their total exports.
- If Norwegian figures are ignored, exports from the EU to the UK accounted for only about 3.75% of their total gas exports.
Countries who import gas from the UK also import from elsewhere - see below:
|Gas imports||Imported by:|
|% of total imports from the UK||16%||100%||15%|
|% of total imports from elsewhere||84%||0%||85%|
- produced a total of 47,874 thousand tonnes of oil and NGLs;
- imported 42,560 thousand tonnes and
- exported 33,312 thousand tonnes
EU nationals in the energy workforce
- According to the Office for National Statistics, 92% of employees of the UK energy and water sector are UK nationals, while 4% come from EU countries other than the UK (“International immigration and the labour market, UK: 2016”, ONS, 2017).
- The afore-mentioned study commissioned by Oil & Gas UK deduced that 90% of those directly employed by the oil and gas industry in the UK are UK nationals, only 5% are non-UK EU nationals. However 50% of those hold managerial roles which are often critical for projects (“Brexit and the UK oil and gas industry”, Oil & Gas UK, 2017).
- A study carried out by the think tank Social Market Foundation in partnership with Adecco Group UK & Ireland in 2016 assessed the role played by EU workers in the UK economy. It estimated that only 1% of employees of the UK gas, electricity and water sector are from EU countries other than the UK. However it was mentioned that the sample size for this sector was relatively small and the result should be treated with caution (“Working together: European workers in the UK economy”, SMF and Adecco Group, 2016).