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N Wilks, A winning combination, Professional Engineering, 31 October 2001, p 56

In a joint French-English project, the Intelligent Motor Generator (i-MoGen) 1.2 L hybrid is under development by Valeo and Ricardo. Valeo is contributing its Flywheel Mounted Electrical Device (FMED), an integrated starter/alternator generating 42 V, plus ventilation and conditioning systems, whereas Ricardo is supplying the engine control system and vehicle integration. The engine produces 75 kW, comparable to a 2 L diesel engine, whereas the motor generator, working with an inverter and a nickel metal hydride battery, contributes 6 kW. Since this latter output is less than 10% of the former, the vehicle will be classed as a mild hybrid. The FMED provides an electronic boost to overcome low torque at engine speeds below 1500 min-1, together with a Thermal Management Intelligent System (Themis), an engine stop/go capability when the vehicle stops, and also regenerative braking.

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