Practical guide to shell-and-tube heat exchangers. B. Greene. Hydrocarbon Processing, January 1999, 78(1), 79--86.
Guidelines are given to assist the selection of materials suitable for shell-and-tube heat exchangers. Economic and manufacturing factors and fabrication are also reviewed. The relative merits of welded and seamless tubing are compared and advice is given on shell and channels, tubesheets, baffles and tie rods. Requirements of tube/tubesheet joints of plain low-alloy carbon steels and austenitic steels are tabulated. Environmental factors associated with cooling water, acid and alkaline streams, fouling liquids, and steam generation are discussed. Mechanical design features, vendor selection, and inspection and monitoring in the field are also reviewed. 5 refs.
- Journal title: Hydrocarbon Processing