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Improve process training with dynamic simulation. S.W. Morgan, S.P. Sendelbach and W.B. Stewart. Hydrocarbon Processing, April 1994, 73(4), 51--60.

A cost-effective training system known as operator training simulation (OTS) is described. This uses hardware and software to transform plant design databases with customized plant models. The main objective is safer plant operation. The need for OTS is illustrated by accident losses over the period 1984 to 1989. Results show that petrochemicals had the highest losses ($40.4 million) followed by refinery operations ($23.5 million) and chemicals ($18.4 million). Common causes of accident losses are reviewed and results justify the introduction of OTS to protect plant investments. The OTS simulator is described and its application in future training programmes is reviewed. 3 refs.

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