Shorter cycle investments to characterise oil and gas industry in 2020
Oil and gas operators globally will continue to push for faster returns with shorter cycle investments, as the industry moves away from giant developments, according to GlobalData.
Anna Belova, Senior Oil & Gas Analyst, comments: ‘Projects now go from final investment decision (FID) to first oil/gas in under 3–4 years, even for larger integrated developments with midstream components. Globally, this trend was observed with Zohr in Egypt, which produced first gas only 22 months after the FID, and more recently with Liza in Guyana.
She continues: ‘Aside from phased approaches, shorter development timelines are enabled by a continuing push towards standardisation, both with production drilling and well design. Furthermore, the offshore environment continues to move towards subsea tie-backs and floating production, storage, and offloading (FPSO) units are the dominant development concept.'
In 2020, 99 new gas projects are expected to start production and while the number of oil projects is larger at 112, gas projects will be producing 17% more hydrocarbons on a boe basis by 2023 once they reach maturity, according to GlobalData. With uncertain long-term demand, oil and gas operators are predicted to shy away from high-cost oil reserves. While 14 ultra-deepwater oil and gas projects are expected to commence production in 2020, all but two projects are located in Brazil and the US Gulf of Mexico.
Figure 1: Global production from new oil and gas fields, with 2015–2025 production, in boe/d