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S Kollamthodl, Alternatives to oil for road, air and sea transport, Energy World, June 2018, p14

In UK, a survey by Ricardo of the emissions generated by transport fuels confirms that petroleum provides over 95% of the energy consumed by the transport sector, and then concludes that, on the road, small vehicles should follow the plug-in electric route, whereas heavy goods vehicles will need biofuels. These fuels will also be needed in aviation and shipping, the latter also employing wind power and hydrogen fuel cells. 

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