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New Energy World magazine logo
New Energy World magazine logo
ISSN 2753-7757 (Online)

What’s driving India’s electric vehicle sector in 2022?


18 min read

Three-wheel tuk tuk on Indian road, with passenger hanging on to the side Photo: Pixabay
Two-wheel and three-wheel vehicles are the most popular forms of personal transport in India and present the best opportunity for electrification

Photo: Pixabay

India’s commitment to slashing carbon emissions, shifting behaviours caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, and an annual crude oil import bill of over $100bn, are all motivating the development of a clean transportation programme. Mohua Mukherjee, Senior Research Fellow at the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies (OIES), reports on the burgeoning electric vehicle sector.

Today, 99% of vehicles on Indian roads still operate on petrol and diesel, but change is in the air. Frequent broadcasts and articles outline the pros and cons of electric vehicle (EV) ownership, and the media is abuzz with Indian start-ups competing in this growing market, offering a range of models and features for various budgets.


Even more importantly there is a marked upward trend in the numbers of EVs actually on the road. This applies particularly to e-commerce delivery fleets, but also to an increasing number of privately owned vehicles driving noiselessly around India.


EVs and COVID-19
Could the pandemic and its accompanying restrictions on movement have accelerated this shift to electrification? It is very likely. First, the pandemic saw a massive ramp up of online shopping and ordering by phone. This necessitated a surge of last-mile deliveries by e-commerce platforms, eateries and corner grocery stores during successive lockdowns (all at ‘no cost to the customer’ due to competitive pressures).


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