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New Energy World magazine logo
New Energy World magazine logo
ISSN 2753-7757 (Online)
HYBRIT fossil-free steel operation with blue sky background Photo: HYBRIT
The HYBRIT steel plant in Sweden produced the world’s first fossil-fuel free steel in 2021 and is expected to enter commercial operations by 2026


Cement and steel production are global drivers of economic growth, but they are also responsible for massive volumes of hard-to-abate carbon emissions. A recent webinar by Rystad Energy examined some of the options for decarbonisation in line with the Paris Agreement 1.5℃ target. Brian Davis reports.

Decarbonisation of the steel and cement sectors faces significant challenges. They are some of the largest consumers of fossil fuels on the planet; fuels that are not easily substituted due to the high-temperature processes used.


‘Neither industry can get rid of coal or find an alternative easily, as it is an essential part of current processes. What’s more, electricity cannot be used as a direct heating source – which makes them hard-to-abate industries,’ explained Lars Erik Nicolaisen, Deputy Chief Executive Officer of Rystad Energy.


Furthermore, if the energy consumption is correlated with the carbon emissions associated with the industries respectively, cement, iron and steel are ‘outliers’ compared to other industrial sectors as they produce a higher proportion of emissions.


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